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Exocoetus volitans Linnaeus, 1758

Tropical two-wing flyingfish
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Exocoetus volitans   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Exocoetus volitans
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Exocoetidae (Flyingfishes)
Etymology: Exocoetus: Greek, exos = outside + Greek, koite = hole (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 20 m.   Subtropical

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Widespread in tropical and subtropical zones of all oceans including the western Mediterranean Sea and part of the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 3720), probably absent in the inland seas of southeastern Asia (Sulawesi Sea, Sulu Sea, Flores, Banda, Ceram and Halmahera seas (Ref. 27313)), and the Benguela Current (Ref. 4498). Eastern Pacific: Mexico to central Chile; also the Galapagos and Hawaii. Western Pacific: Japan, Marshall Islands, Philippines, Australia (Ref. 5530), and Tahiti.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9987); common length : 20.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5217)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 12-15; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 12 - 14; 脊つい: 43 - 46. Body dark, iridescent blue above, silvery white below; pectorals and caudal fin greyish, other fins not pigmented (Ref. 2797). Juveniles with or without black bars (Ref. 2797). Branchiostegal rays: 9-11 (Ref. 36606).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults occur in surface waters, both near and far from the coast (Ref. 5217). Form schools. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for long distances above the surface. Feed mostly on crustaceans and other planktonic animals. Preyed upon by swordfish, tunas and many other larger pelagic fishes (Ref. 9987). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36606).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Oviparous (Ref. 36606).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Parin, Nikolay V. | 協力者

Parin, N.V., 1996. On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the West-Central part of tropical Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 36(5):357-364. (Ref. 27313)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.2 - 29.2, mean 27.9 (based on 4828 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00164 - 0.01111), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.09 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.