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Schilbe uranoscopus Rüppell, 1832

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Schilbe uranoscopus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Schilbeidae (Schilbid catfishes)
Etymology: uranoscopus: Named for Mr. Isidore Geoffroy St-Hilaire, collector of the type material of this nominal species (Ref. 43912).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Niger (Lake Kainji and further downstream), Cross and Chad basins (Ref. 57127, 81643). Also in the Nile and Lake Turkana system (Ref. 43912, 81643).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 21.0, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57127)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Anal soft rays: 59 - 73; Vertebrae: 50 - 57. Diagnosis: 13-16 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; 57-75 branched anal-fin rays; eyes positioned dorso-laterally; adipose fin always absent (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). Often with a post-occipital hump, a character also sometimes found in Schilbe intermedius whose head profile is extremely variable (Ref. 57127, 81643). Posterior nostrils closer to each other than are anterior ones; nasal barbel at maximum reaching to midway between eye and opercle, but generally shorter; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated (Ref. 43912).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adapted to riverine and lacustrine conditions; appears to live mainly in the open waters; predatory, carnivorous but not strictly piscivorous; young essentially entomophagous (Ref. 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Especially in the Chad basin of some economic value to the fishermen (Ref. 43912). Maximum reported total length 45 cm (Nile basin)(Ref. 43912).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

De Vos, L., 2003. Schilbeidae. p. 97-116 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57127)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00276 - 0.01257), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.30; tmax=3; assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.