Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); variabilis: Named with referene to the relatively wide range of body forms and degree of lower pharyngeal jaw development encompassed by the taxon (Ref. 52346).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 5°N - 12°S
Africa: middle and upper Congo River basin, including the Sankuru, Sangha, Ubangui, Uele, Kotto, Bomu, Lomami, Aruwimi, Itimbiri, Lindi-Tshopo, Lualaba, upper Lualaba and Chambezi, in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia (Ref. 52346). Also reported from the Sanga in Republic of Congo (Ref. 44840).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.6 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 2970)
Opportunistic benthic macrophage (Ref. 52346). Feeds on plants, insects and (to a lesser degree) molluscs (Ref. 52307). Maternal (Ref. 52307) mouthbrooder (Ref. 4910, 52307) that does not pair-bond (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stiassny, M.L.J., 1989. A taxonomic revision of the African genus Tylochromis (Labroidei, Cichlidae); whith notes on the anatomy and relationships of the group. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8, Sci. Zool., 258:1-161. (Ref. 52346)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00747 - 0.04041), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.24 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .