Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); polylepis: Named by Boulenger (1900) presumably in reference to the species' numerous small scales and the resultant high lateral line formula (Ref. 52346). Polys= Greek for many, lepis= Latin for scale (Ref. 52307). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 3°S - 9°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 5714, 52346). In the Lukuga River (Lake Tanganyika outflow), known up to Niemba (Ref. 93587).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.5 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 1872)
Swamp-dweller (Ref. 6770). Juveniles are coastal and gregarious while adults wander over the sandy bottoms by themselves (Ref. 6770), in shallow inshore areas of the lake, in lagoons and river mouths (Ref. 4967). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and insects, along with some plants (Ref. 52307), but also a mollusc eater (Ref. 6316, 10616). Maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 1872, 52307) that does not pair bond (Ref. 52307). Females have been observed with about 100 eggs of a diameter of 6 mm (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lamboj, A., 2004. The Cichlid Fishes of Western Africa. Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 255 p. (Ref. 52307)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00747 - 0.04041), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .