Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); mylodon: Named by Regan (1920) presumably in reference to the mill-like molariform pharyngeal dentition of this species (Ref. 52346). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Lufira, Lake Mweru and the lower and middle Luapula (upper Congo River basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia (Ref. 52346).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52346); max. published weight: 963.90 g (Ref. 246)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 13 - 14;
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 28. Diagnosis: lateral line count of 38-43 scales; 16-17 closely packed gill-rakers along lower limb of first arch; extremely robust lower pharyngeal jaw with mill-like molariform teeth occupying at least 2/3 of dentigerous surface; third pore of mandibular laterosensory canal enlarged compared to size of preceding pores (Ref. 52346).
Benthic macrophage (Ref. 52346). Feeds mainly on insects and their larvae, but also (in small quantities) on crustaceans and molluscs (Ref. 52307). Maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307, 52346) that does not pair bond (Ref. 52307). Marked intolerance to oxygen lack (Ref. 246).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stiassny, M.L.J., 1989. A taxonomic revision of the African genus Tylochromis (Labroidei, Cichlidae); whith notes on the anatomy and relationships of the group. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8, Sci. Zool., 258:1-161. (Ref. 52346)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .