Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335); keronolepis: Derived from the Greek keronos (meaning beehive), plus lepís (meaning scales), in reference to the resemblance of the reticulation pattern of scales with a beehive.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Ubatuba in São Paulo State to Guapimirim River basin in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119398)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 21;
Vertebrae: 38. Astyanax keronolepis is distinguished from all other species of Astyanax by the following combination of characters: 9-11 dentary teeth, gradually decreasing in size; high concentration of chromatophores distributed along the scale contour forming a hexagonal pattern, resembling a honeycomb; head heavily covered with tubercles in adults males; midlateral strip expanded anteriorly and tapering posteriorly toward the caudal peduncle; and caudal spot elliptically shaped. In addition, this species differs from most congeners, except from A. taeniatus, A. ribeirae, A. hastatus, A. burgerai, A. giton and A. bahiensis, by its humeral spot shaped like a comma. It can be diagnosed from A. taeniatus by having teeth asymmetrical and with no gap on the dentary symphysis (vs. teeth symmetrical and with a gap on dentary symphysis). It can be differentiated from A. ribeirae, A. hastatus, A. burgerai, A. giton and A. bahiensis by having only one humeral spot (vs. two humeral spots) (Ref. 119398).
Inhabits streams usually characterized by crystalline and rapid waters with rocks covered by sludge and algae. Feeds predominantly on vegetable matter and occasionally hymenoptera based on gut contents of 20 specimens (Ref. 119398).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silva, P.C., M.C. Malabarba and L.R. Malabarba, 2019. Integrative taxonomy: Morphology and ancient DNA barcoding reveals the true identity of Astyanax taeniatus, a tetra collected by Charles Darwin during the Beagle’s Voyage. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 278:110-120. (Ref. 119398)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00609 - 0.02852), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .