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Astyanax hamatilis Camelier & Zanata, 2014

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Astyanax hamatilis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335);  hamatilis: The specific name is from the Latin, meaning with hooks, in allusion to the presence of bony hooks on all fins of mature males.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Paraguaçu basin, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95041)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11. The possession of small bony hooks on all fins of mature males separates this species from all congeners from northeastern Brazilian drainages (Astyanax brevirhinus, A. burgerai, A. epiagos, A. fasciatus, A. intermedius, A. jacobinae, A. lacustris, A. pelecus, A. rivularis, A. taeniatus, A. turmalinensis and A. vermilion) and from all Brazilian congeners. Distinguished from all the these species listed above by its unique vertically elongated humeral blotch and the absence of a conspicuous dark broad midlateral stripe, at least on the anterior half of body. Also differs from other Brazilian congeners by the combination of the following characters: conspicuous dark drop-shaped horizontal blotch over the caudal peduncle, usually tapering anteriorly and not extending to the median caudal-fin rays; greatest body depth just anterior to the dorsal-fin origin; 32-35 scales on lateral line; 19-24 total anal-fin rays; distal portion of the pelvic fin not darkened; absence of red pigmentation on body when alive; 5 or 6 cusps on maxillary teeth; 3-7 scales aligned on the base of the anterior anal-fin rays; 16-20 branched rays on anal fin; presence of scales covering the base of anal-fin rays; and one to three maxillary teeth (Ref. 95041).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear and dark water streams with rock, pebbles and sand bottoms and moderate to rapid water current . These streams have riparian vegetation mainly composed of grass, herbs, shrubs and trees. Syntopic with several fishes. Feeds on allochthonous and autochthonous items, consisting of filamentous algae, fragments of vascular plants and seeds, organic debris, insect aquatic larvae (Trichoptera and other unidentified orders) and adults terrestrial insects (Hymenoptera: Formicidae and other unidentified orders) and of other unidentified arthropods. Mature males and females are present in different seasons (austral autumn and winter in April, June and July; spring and summer in December) which might suggest that this species reproduces throughout the year (Ref. 95041).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Camelier, P. and A.M. Zanata, 2014. A new species of Astyanax Baird & Girard (Characiformes: Characidae) from the Rio Paraguaçu basin, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, with comments on bony hook on all fins. J. Fish Biol. 84(2):475-490. (Ref. 95041)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00305 - 0.01723), b=3.17 (2.97 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .