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Astyanax procerus Lucena, Castro & Bertaco, 2013

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Astyanax procerus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335);  procerus: From the Greek adjective procerus, meaning tall, in reference the high body depth of the species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: upper and middle rio Taquari-Antas and rio Jacuí, laguna dos Patos system in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94153)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Vertebrae: 36 - 38. This species is distinguished from all congeners in the rio Uruguay basin, laguna dos Patos and rio Tramandaí systems by having the following characters: two humeral spots (vs. one in Astyanax eigenmanniorum, A. sp. aff. fasciatus, A. jacuhiensis, and A. laticeps); first humeral spot vertically elongate with upper portion wider portion narrow and curved, with a pronounced constriction at the junction of both portions (vs. present of oval shape spot with two brown vertical bars in humeral region in A. jacuhiensis, oval shape in A. laticeps and forming a uniform wedge in A. eigenmanniorum and A. henseli); anal fin with 8-23 branched rays (vs. 18 or less in A. rachypterygium and A.cremnobates, 23 or more in A. aramburui, A. paris, A. saguazu, and A. stenohalinus); one maxillary tooth (vs. 2-5 in A. henseli); maxillary teeth tri- to pentacuspid (vs. hexa- to heptacuspid in A. dissensus and A. ojiara); and body depth 38.3-46.0% of SL (vs. smaller than 38% of SL in A. brachypterygium, A. cremnobates, A. obscurus, and A. xiru). It is most similar to A. xiru in color pattern, but it can be differentiated by the pelvic-fin length 16.1-18.7% of SL (vs. 13.6-17.1%), dorsal-fin length 24.1- 28.7% of SL (vs. 21.1-25.4%) and absence of bony hooks on the anal and pelvic fins of males (vs. presence) (Ref. 94153).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

De Lucena, C.A.S., J.B. Castro and V.A. Bertaco, 2013. Three new species of Astyanax from drainages of southern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(3):537-552. (Ref. 94153)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00612 - 0.02839), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .