Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335); pirabitira: The specific name pirabitira is from Tupi-Guarani. It means mountain fish (pira, meaning fish, and
ybytyra meaning mountain) in reference to the occurrence of the species in altitudes higher than 800 m.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
South America: upper rio das Antas drainage, laguna dos Patos system,
and upper rio Pelotas basin, rio Uruguay drainage in southern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94017)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 35 - 38. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the combination of the following characters: body depth 27.1-34.0% of standard length; interorbital width 22.2-28.7% of head length; head depth 72.9-97.0% of HL; 15-20 branched rays on anal fin; 37-40 lateral line scales; one or two maxillary teeth; two humeral spots; and absence of bony hooks in the anal fin of males (Ref. 94017).
Occurs in streams and rivers, inhabiting lotic shallow areas (up to 1 m deep) with clear water and bottom composed of gravel and stones, at altitudes from 800 to 1200 m above sea level. Syntopic with Astyanax brachypterygium, ustraloheros sp., Cnesterodon brevirostratus, Eurycheilichthys sp., Jenynsia eirmostigma, Pareiorhaphis hystrix, Rhamdia sp., and Trichomycterus tropeiro (Ref. 94017).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
De Lucena, C.A.S., V.A. Bertaco and G. Berbigier, 2013. A new species of Astyanax from headwater streams of southern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Zootaxa 3700(2):226-236. (Ref. 94017)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00609 - 0.02852), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .