Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: dasalmas: Named for the place where the species is found, rio das Almas basin; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86678)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 19. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: presence of iii,9 rays in the dorsal-fin (vs. ii,9); from most congeners by having 2 humeral spots, in which the first one is vertically elongate (except in M. diamantina, M. diktyota, M. eigenmanni, M. inrai, M. levidorsa, M. moisae, M. naponis, M. pankilopteryx, and M. surinamensis) (vs. absent, or horizontally elongate or diffuse humeral spot); differs from the remaining species by the number of branched anal-fin rays 17-19 (vs. 20-35); from M. diktyota, M. eigenmanni, M. georgiae, M. inrai, M. levidorsa, M. moisae, and M. naponis by the number of the lateral line scales, 36-37 (vs. 41-47 in M. moisae and 31-35 in the remaining species); from M. pankilopteryx by the number of maxillary teeth 4-5 (vs. 2-3) and the shape of the caudal peduncle spot which is vertically elongate (vs. horizontally elongate in M. pankilopteryx) (Ref. 86678).
Inhabits streams, occurs in semi-lentic and lotic shallow areas (up to 1.0 m deep) with riparian vegetation composed by trees and shrubs. The area of collection is around 800 m above sea level. The streams have transparent water; bottom with rocks, stones, and some stretches with sand; collected syntopically with Aspidoras albater, Astyanax sp., Characidium stigmosum, Corumbataia veadeiros, Hemigrammus tocantinsi, and Trichomycterus sp. Stomach contents (UFRGS 11194, 3:24.4-27.3 mm SL) were mainly composed by Hymenoptera, Coleoptera (adults) and some fish scales, but autochthonous insects and digested vegetal organic matter (seeds) were also found (Ref. 86678).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertaco, V.A., F.C. Jerep and F.R. Carvalho, 2011. New species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Ostariophysi: Characidae) from the upper rio Tocantins basin in Central Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(1):57-63. (Ref. 86678)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00650 - 0.03213), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .