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Moenkhausia dasalmas Bertaco, Jerep & Carvalho, 2011

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Moenkhausia dasalmas
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: dasalmas: Named for the place where the species is found, rio das Almas basin; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86678)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal soft rays: 17 - 19. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: presence of iii,9 rays in the dorsal-fin (vs. ii,9); from most congeners by having 2 humeral spots, in which the first one is vertically elongate (except in M. diamantina, M. diktyota, M. eigenmanni, M. inrai, M. levidorsa, M. moisae, M. naponis, M. pankilopteryx, and M. surinamensis) (vs. absent, or horizontally elongate or diffuse humeral spot); differs from the remaining species by the number of branched anal-fin rays 17-19 (vs. 20-35); from M. diktyota, M. eigenmanni, M. georgiae, M. inrai, M. levidorsa, M. moisae, and M. naponis by the number of the lateral line scales, 36-37 (vs. 41-47 in M. moisae and 31-35 in the remaining species); from M. pankilopteryx by the number of maxillary teeth 4-5 (vs. 2-3) and the shape of the caudal peduncle spot which is vertically elongate (vs. horizontally elongate in M. pankilopteryx) (Ref. 86678).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits streams, occurs in semi-lentic and lotic shallow areas (up to 1.0 m deep) with riparian vegetation composed by trees and shrubs. The area of collection is around 800 m above sea level. The streams have transparent water; bottom with rocks, stones, and some stretches with sand; collected syntopically with Aspidoras albater, Astyanax sp., Characidium stigmosum, Corumbataia veadeiros, Hemigrammus tocantinsi, and Trichomycterus sp. Stomach contents (UFRGS 11194, 3:24.4-27.3 mm SL) were mainly composed by Hymenoptera, Coleoptera (adults) and some fish scales, but autochthonous insects and digested vegetal organic matter (seeds) were also found (Ref. 86678).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bertaco, V.A., F.C. Jerep and F.R. Carvalho, 2011. New species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Ostariophysi: Characidae) from the upper rio Tocantins basin in Central Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(1):57-63. (Ref. 86678)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00650 - 0.03213), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .