Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: plumbea: Name from the Latin plumbum, meaning lead, in allusion to the color of the midlateral stripe below the unpigmented stripe in live specimens; an adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 9°S - 10°S, 54°W - 55°W
South America: Brazil. Known from headwaters of tributaries of the rio Braço Norte (rio Tapajós basin) in the Serra do Cachimbo (Ref. 84462).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84462)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Moenkhausia plumbea is distinguished from all congeners, except M. chlorophthalma and M. petymbuaba, by the presence of large dark blotches on the anterior to the central portions of each scale along the seven dorsalmost longitudinal series (vs. pigmentation absent or, when present, concentrated posteriorly along the border of scales and forming a reticulate pattern in the body). Moenkhausia plumbea differs from both M. petymbuaba and M. chlorophthalma in possessing a dark longitudinal stripe along the eye; and is further separated from M. petymbuaba in lacking a very conspicuous dark midlateral stripe; and from M. chlorophthalma in possessing eight or nine longitudinal rows of large dark blotches (vs. seven), 33-36 lateral line scales (vs. 25-28), five scales between lateral line and dorsal fin (vs. four), 4-9 anal-fin base scales (vs. 7-12), and usually 6 branched pelvic-fin rays (vs. 7) (Ref. 84462).
Discovered in small creeks near headwaters of rio Curuá, these portions are isolated by large waterfalls (Ref. 84462).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sousa, L.M., A.L. Netto-Ferreira and J.L.O. Birindelli, 2010. Two new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from Serra do Cachimbo, Pará, Northern Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(2):255-264. (Ref. 84462)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00653 - 0.03348), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .