Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: chlorophthalma: Name from the Greek chloros meaning green, and 'ophthalmos' for eye, referring to the iridescent green eyes in live specimens; an adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 8°S - 9°S, 55°W - 56°W
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84462)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Moenkhausia chlorophthalma is distinguished
from all congeners, except M. petymbuaba and M. plumbea by the presence of large dark blotches on the anterior to central portions of the scales forming the seven dorsalmost longitudinal series (vs. pigmentation absent or, when present, concentrated posteriorly along the border of the scales, and forming a reticulate pattern on the body). Moenkhausia chlorophthalma can be differentiated from both M. petymbuaba and M. plumbea by the possession of a proximal well-delimited black area on the adipose fin (vs. adipose fin with uniformly scattered dark chromatophores), 7 longitudinal rows of large dark blotches (vs. 8-9), 25-28 lateral line scales (vs. 33-36), 4 scales between the lateral line and the dorsal-fin origin (vs. 5), and 7-12 scales covering the anal-fin base (vs. 4-9). Moenkhausia chlorophthalma can be further separated from M. petymbuaba by lacking a conspicuous midlateral dark stripe (vs. presence of conspicuous midlateral dark stripe); and from M. plumbea by having 7 branched pelvic-fin rays (vs. 6-7 in specimens of M. plumbea examined) (Ref. 84462).
Discovered in small creeks near headwaters of rio Curuá, these portions are isolated by large waterfalls (Ref. 84462).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sousa, L.M., A.L. Netto-Ferreira and J.L.O. Birindelli, 2010. Two new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann (Characiformes: Characidae) from Serra do Cachimbo, Pará, Northern Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(2):255-264. (Ref. 84462)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00650 - 0.03213), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .