Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Lucifuga: Latin, lux = light + latin, fugere = to escape, to avoid, to run away from (Ref. 45335); lucayana: Named for its type locality, Lucayan Caverns, graveyard of the Lucayan Indians who inhabited the Bahamas for 2000 years and were eliminated by the European invaders. More on authors: Møller, Schwarzhans, Iliffe & Nielsen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 12 - 20 m (Ref. 57878). Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Atlantic: Caribbean, Bahamas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.9 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 63 - 69;
Vertebrae: 50 - 52. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: Vertebrae 12-13+37-39=50-52, dorsal fin rays 84-91, anal fin rays 63-69, pectoral fin rays 17-18, caudal fin rays 10; head profile above eye strongly depressed, scales on occiput, eyes present (0.9-1.0 % SL); palatine teeth absent; color uniformly light brown, long gill-rakers 3, pale (Ref. 57878).
Found in an anchialine cave which is connected to the sea via a submerged passage which opens into a tidal saltwater creek. The upper about 14 m in the cave consists of freshwater (22 °C), separated from a lower, slightly warmer (23-25 °C), salty layer by a distinct halocline. The holotype was taken in a depth of 12 m, which must then most likely to be freshwater; some where collected from one or two inland sink holes (Ref. 57878).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Møller, P.R., W. Schwarzhans, T.M. Iliffe and J.G. Nielsen, 2006. Revision of the Bahamian cave-fishes of the genus Lucifuga (Ophidiiformes, Bythitidae), with description of a new species from islands on the Little Bahama Bank. Zootaxa 1223:23-46. (Ref. 57878)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 28, mean 27 (based on 198 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .