Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: bonita: Named for its type locality, Baía Bonita; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 51265). Tropical
South America: known only from its type locality in the upper Rio Miranda, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51265)
(total): 11. This species differs from other congeners, except intermedia and dichroura by the following combination of characters: presence of a black posterior margin on each caudal-fin lobe, and presence of a black lozenge-shaped pigment blotch on the caudal peduncle that extends to the posterior limit of the median caudal-fin rays; the short 7 gill rakers on the upper limb of the first gill arch distinguish bonita from the 2 similar species that possess 10 elongate gill rakers on the upper limb an d18 on the lower limb of the first gill arch (Ref. 51265).
Collected in marginal backwaters with low current speeds (about 0.1 m/sec) in up to 1 meter depth. Occurs primarily near the water surface, swimming in schools up to 10-30 individuals. Stomach contents and observations indicate that this species feeds mainly on terrestrial insects (dipterans and coleopterans) from the surrounding riparian forest. The insects are captured via surface picking and drift feeding (Ref. 51265).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Benine, R.C., R.M.C. Castro and J. Sabino, 2004. Moenkhausia bonita: a new small characin fish from the Rio Paraguay basin, southwestern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Copeia 2004(1):68-73. (Ref. 51265)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00653 - 0.03348), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .