Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae
(Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335). More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 69 - 91 m (Ref. 40966). Tropical
Western Pacific: Malay Archipelago.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 27550)
Inhabits coastal waters, on sand or mud bottoms (Ref. 27550). Feeds on benthic animals, especially crustaceans (Ref. 27550).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Li, S. and H. Wang, 1995. Fauna Sinica, Osteichthyes. Pleuronectiformes. 433p. Fauna Sinica series. Beijing: Science Press. (Ref. 33837)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22 - 27.4, mean 25.9 (based on 114 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00161 - 0.01556), b=3.12 (2.87 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .