Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Parascolopsis: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, skolos = stake + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 25 - 264 m (Ref. 9820). Tropical; 30°N - 28°S, 31°E - 136°E (Ref. 3810)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Philippines and Indonesia, north to southern Japan. This species has been erroneously recorded from northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
soft rays: 7. Head scales reaching forward to between middle of eyes. Posterior margin of preopercle more or less vertical, or sloping forward slightly. Lower limb of preopercle naked. Posterior margin of suborbital serrate, a small spine at upper corner. Pectoral fins long, reaching to or almost to level of anus. Pelvic fins long, reaching to level of anus. Color: Body pinkish. An elongate blotch at origin of lateral line. Upper axis of pectoral fin black. Pectoral and caudal fin yellowish.
Benthic on sand or mud bottoms in offshore waters (Ref. 30573, 48635). Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30573.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.8 - 28.1, mean 24.9 (based on 677 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01194 - 0.03827), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .