Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 2 m (Ref. 84461). Tropical; 15°N - 14°N, 47°W - 48°W
South America: Brazil. Astyanax goyanensis is known from tributaries of the rio dos Couros, affluent of rio Tocantinzinho, and rio Paranã basin, upper rio Tocantins basin, Chapada dos Veadeiros, Goiás, Brazil (Ref. 84461).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38376)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species belongs to the A. scabripinnis species complex and is distinguished from all species of this complex by the total number of pelvic-fin rays (7 vs. 8), except from A. brachypterygium Bertaco & Malabarba, A. ita Almirón, Azpelicueta & Casciotta, and A. obscurus (Hensel), Bertaco & Lucena (2010). It differs from A. brachypterygium by caudal peduncle length (14.1-18.5% SL, mean = 16.1 vs. 11.9-14.4, mean = 13.0), by the number of caudal-peduncle scales (14 vs. 16), and by the number of cusps of the premaxillary inner series and the larger dentary teeth (4-5 vs. 5-7); from A. ita by the number of branched anal-fin rays (13-16 vs. 20-24), number of humeral spots (2 vs. 1), and by the orbital diameter (20.2-33.2% HL, mean = 27.4 vs. 38.6-42.0, mean = 40.2); and from A. obscurus by the number of maxillary teeth (2-5 vs. 1), number of lateral line scales (35-37, mean = 36 vs. 37-39, mean = 38), and by the number of branched anal-fin rays (13-16, mean = 14.7 vs. 16-21, mean = 18.3). Furthermore, the lower number of the branched anal-fin rays in A. goyanensis distinguish it from its congeners of the species complex, except from A. brachypterygium, A. cremnobates Bertaco & Malabarba, A. laticeps (Cope), A. intermedius Eigenmann, A. jenynsii (Steindachner), A. jordanensis Alcaraz, Pavanelli & Bertaco, A. microschemos Bertaco & Lucena, A. totae Haluch & Abilhoa, and A. varzeae Abilhoa & Duboc. It differs from most these species by the number of humeral spot (2 vs. 1), except A. brachypterygium, A. cremnobates, and A. varzeae. From these three species it differs by the number of cups in the premaxillary and dentary teeth (5-7 vs. 3-5), and by the caudal-peduncle length (14.1-18.5% SL, mean = 16.1 vs. 11.9-14.4, mean = 13.0, 11.0-14.9, mean = 13.1, 10.5-13.9, mean = 12.4, respectively), and additionally from A. varzeae by the number of lateral line scales (35-37, mean = 36 vs. 37-42, mean = 39) (Ref. 84461).
The collection locality is around 1135 m above sea level and the rio dos Couros in that point has moderate riparian vegetation, typically between 10 and 15 m wide, and 1.5 m deep. Although with some rapids, the water is clear, the substrate composed of stones, rocks, and some stretches with mud. A natural 10 m high waterfall named Cachoeira São Bento is located downriver and all topotypes were collected on the stretch downstream from the waterfall in a small stream draining directly into the river (about 100 m from the channel river). This stream is about 0.8 m deep and 6 m wide, transparent water with moderate vegetation covering the channel (trees and shrubs), and bottom with small stones, submerged logs and roots. No other fish species was collected with this species in the stream. The rio dos Couros has several waterfalls, some with about 100 m height (Cachoeira de São Vicente and Catarata dos Couros). Stomach contents of five specimens with fragments of allochthonous insect, fish scales, and vegetal organic matter (leaf parts) and the stomachs were not full (Ref. 84461).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00717 - 0.03842), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .