Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Europe: Portugal and Spain in Guadiana and Tago drainages. This species is suspected to be a hybrid or a species of hybrid origin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 59043)
Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: orbit close to but not reaching dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; last simple dorsal ray spinous, serrated posteriorly along 1/2- 2/3 of its length; lateral line with 44-50 + 2-3 scales; head length 26-32% SL; snout length 2.2-2.9 times in HL; lower lip thick, with (70% of individuals) or without median pad; lower jaw tip covered by lower lip (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in water bodies on low-lying plains, with little current (Ref. 26100). Also inhabits upper reaches of rivers with slow current. Preys mainly on planktonic crustaceans, supplemented by insects and algae (Ref. 59043). Threatened by pollution, habitat destruction and introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). Size reaches up to at least 40 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00306 - 0.01186), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .