Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Danaphryne: In commemoration of the Royal Danish Research Vessel 'Dana' (Ref. 86949). More on authors: Regan & Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Tropical to temperate parts of all oceans.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4 - 5. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: narrow snout, width of ethmoid cartilage and vomer considerably less than the distance between anterolateral tips of the lateral ethmoids and frontals; frontals short, lying posterior to the ethmoid region, dorsal margin convex; frontals separated from prootics; presence of vomerine teeth; large and nearly circular nasal foramina; presence of pterosphenoid; anterior end of illicial trough wider and shallower than the posterior end; well developed sphenotic spines; symphysial cartilage of upper jaw longer than wide; lower jaw with well developed symphysial spine; hyomandibula with double head; well developed quadrate spine, longer than articular spine; deeply notched posterior margin of opercle; long and narrow subopercle, dorsal end long and slender, tapering to a point, ventral end nearly circular; absence of first pharyngobranchial; well developed second pharyngobranchial; second hypobranchial articulates directlywith second basibranchial; caudal fin rays without internal pigmentation; illicium longer than length of escal bulb; pterygiophore of illicium cylindrical throughout length, emerging on snout from between frontal bones, anterior end exposed, posterior end concealed beneath skin; well developed first ray of dorsal fin; dorsal fin rays 5-7; anal fin rays 4-5; short and broad pectoral fin lobe, shorter than longest rays of pectoral fin; pectoral fin rays 16-19; coracoid lacking posteroventral process; simple pelvic bones, expanded distally; skin smooth and naked, without dermal spinules; darkly pigmented skin of caudal peduncle extends well past base of caudal fin (Ref. 86949).
Also mesopelagic (Ref. 10524).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Oneirodidae. p. 498-507. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10524)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1 - 13.3, mean 6.7 (based on 2192 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .