Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1000 - 3200 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 53°N - 49°S, 32°W - 154°W
Eastern Atlantic: scattered records from 53°N south to Azores, then from Morocco southward to Namibia. Eastern Pacific: off Hawaii. Indo-West Pacific: including Australia (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Elsewhere, Indian Ocean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Bathypelagic to benthopelagic (Ref. 4460). Mesopelagic at 1000-1600 m (Ref. 58302). Bottom trawl captures between 1,000-1,600 m and mid-water captures between 1,600-3,200 m (Ref. 4460).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 4.9, mean 3 (based on 2122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00162 - 0.00740), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .