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References using Alphestes afer
Ref No. Description Page
000029  Thompson, R. and J.L. Munro,1983 The biology, ecology and bionomics of the hinds and groupers, Serranidae. p.59-81. In J.L. Munro (ed.) Caribbean coral reef fishery resources. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 7.
000033  Randall, J.E.,1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. Miami 5:665-847. 695
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 400; 656-657
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 81
001784  Thompson, R. and J.L. Munro,1978 Aspects of the biology and ecology of Caribbean reef fishes: Serranidae (hinds and groupers). J. Fish Biol. 12(2):115-146.
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
005217  Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez,1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. 425
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 18,20,22;fig.40;pl.1b
005227  Humann, P. and N. Deloach,1993 Reef fish identification. Galápagos. New World Publications, Inc., Florida. 267 p. 84-85
005521  Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin,1993 Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 276
005530  Chirichigno, N.F.,1974 Clave para identificar los peces marinos del Peru. Inf. Inst. Mar Perú (44):1-387.
005592  Thomson, D.A.,1987 Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p.
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 72
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006572  Smith, C.L.,1971 A revision of the American groupers: Epinephelus and allied genera. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. N.Y.146:1-241.
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 149.7
009761  Humann, P.,1994 Reef fish identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida. 426 p. 148-149
013326  Santos, E.P.,1982 Nossos peixes marinhos. (Vida e costume dos peixes do Brasil). Editora Itatiaia Limitada, Brazil. 265 p.
013442  Randall, J.E.,1996 Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. 84
026827  Crossman, E.J.,1972 Collecting trip to St. Lucia. Dept. Ichthyology & Herpetology. 32 p. 27
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 443
027295  Butsch, R.S.,1939 A list of Barbadian fishes. J.B.M.H.S. 7(1):17-31. 23
030550  Ferreira, A.B.H.,1986 Novo dicionario da lingua Portuguesa. Editora Nova Fronteira. Rio de Janeiro. 1838 p.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
035205  Zaneveld, J.S.,1983 Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 43
038265  Nomura, H.,1984 Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Brasília: Editerra. 482p.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041680  Duarte, L.O., C.B. García, I. Moreno, G. Melo, P. Navajas, N. Sandoval and D. von Schiller,1999 Atlas demográfico de los peces demersales del Golfo de Salamance, Caribe Colombiano. Dinámica poblacional, distribución, alimentación y reproducción. Digital Book (CD-ROM). Invemar-Colciencias.
041880  Okey, T.A. and S.A. Sheperd,2000 Demersal fish assemblages at two depths (6 and 13 m) on Isabela and Fernandina Islands, Galapagos. Program BIOMAR, Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos. 13p. Manuscript. 6
042063  Carvalho, V.A. and R.L. Branco,1977 Relação de espécies marinhas e estuarinas do nordeste brasileiro. P.D.P. Documentos Técnicos(25):60p.
042067  Lima, H.H. and A.M. Oliveira,1978 Segunda contribuição ao conhecimento dos nomes vulgares de peixes marinhos do nordeste brasileiro. Boletim de Ciências do Mar(29):1-26.
042070  Soares, L.H.,1988 Catálogo dos peixes do litoral do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Boletim do Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia do Centro de Biociências da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte 7:1-39.
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 56
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 125
049392  Monteiro-Neto, C., F.E.A. Cunha, M.C. Nottingham, M.E. Araújo, I.L. Rosa and G.M.L. Barros,2003 Analysis of the marine ornamental fish trade at Ceará State, northeast Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 12:1287-1295. 1289
050307  Martin, F.D. and J.W. Patus,1984 An annotated key to the teleost fishes of Puerto Rico. Compendio Enciclopedico de los Recursos Nat. 5:1-191. 71
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 126
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 46
057756  Floeter, S.R., J.L. Gasparini, L.A. Rocha, C.E.L. Ferreira, C.A. Rangel and B.M. Feitoza,2003 Brazilian reef fish fauna: checklist and remarks (updated Jan. 2003). Brazilian Reef Fish Project: 5
057865  Craig, M.T., P. Bartsch, P. Wirtz and P.C. Heemstra,2006 Redescription and validation of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) as an amphi-Atlantic grouper species (Perciformes: Serranidae). Cybium 30(4):327-331. 328;fig.1-2;tab.1
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078464  McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm,2005 Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 2. Austin : University of Texas Press. viii+1004p. 128
081979  Sampaio, C.L.S. and M.C. Nottingham,2008 Guia para identificação de peixes ornamentais - volume I: espécies marinhas. Brasília: Ibama, 205 p.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 4
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
103182  Trindade-Santos, I. and K.M.F. Freire,2015 Analysis of reproductive patterns of fishes from three large marine ecosystems. Front. Mar. Sci. 2:38. 38
103751  Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y. and M. Liu,2008 Functional hermaphroditism in teleosts. Fish Fish. 9(1):1-43. 15
104464  Freitas, M.O., R.L de Moura, R.B. Francini-Filho and C.V. Minte-Vera,2011 Spawning patterns of commercially important reef fish (Lutjanidae and Serranidae) in the tropical western South Atlantic. Sci. Mar. 75(1):135-146. 135-146
104521  Marques, S. and B.P. Ferreira,2011 Sexual development and reproductive pattern of the Mutton hamlet, Alphestes afer (Teleostei: Epinephelidae): a dyandric, hermaphroditic reef fish. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(3):547-558. 547-558
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
105574  Termeki on Eesti Keele Instituudi,2015 Termeki on Eesti Keele Instituudi
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
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