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References using Merlangius merlangus
Ref No. Description Page
000037  Russell, F.S.,1976 The eggs and planktonic stages of British marine fishes. Academic Press, London, UK. 524 p.
000038  Froese, R. and C. Papasissi,1990 The use of modern relational databases for identification of fish larvae. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 6(1):37-45.
000039  Halbeisen, H.-W.,1988 Bestimmungsschlüssel für Fischlarven der Nordsee und angrenzender Gebiete. Ber. Inst. Meeresk. Nr. 178.
000040  Ehrenbaum, E.,1936 Naturgeschichte und wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Seefische Nordeuropas. Handb. Seefisch. Nordeurop. 2:337 p.
000041  Ehrenbaum, E.,1905 Eier und Larven von Fischen. p. 1-414. In Nordisches Plankton 1. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel-Leipzig.
000063  ASIH, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists,1984 Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Based on an international symposium dedicated to the memory of Elbert Halvor Ahlstrom, 15-18 August 1983, La Jolla, California. Spec. Publ. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. 1:ix, 760 p.
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000194  Möller, H. and K. Anders,1986 Diseases and parasites of marine fishes. Verlag Möller, Kiel. 365 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 652-653
000232  Whitehead, P.J.P., M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.),1986 Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vols. I-III:1473 p.
000262  Tortonese, E.,1970 Fauna d'Italia. Vol. X. Osteichthyes, part 1. Ediz. Calderini, Bologna:1-565.
000308  Sambilay, V.C. Jr.,1990 Interrelationships between swimming speed, caudal fin aspect ratio and body length of fishes. Fishbyte 8(3):16-20.
000312  Pauly, D.,1978 A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.
000499  Wardle, C.S. and P. He,1988 Burst swimming speeds of mackerel, Scomber scombrus L. J. Fish Biol. 32(3):471-478.
000684  Nursall, J.R.,1962 Swimming and the origin of paired appendages. Amer. Zool. 2:127-141.
000947  Hoffmeister, H.,1957 Beiträge zur Biologie des Wittlings (Gadus merlangus L.) und der Seequabbe (Onos cimbrius L.). Kiel University, Kiel, Germany. 111 p. Thesis.
000971  Damm, U.,1975 Untersuchungen zum Wachstum des Wittlings (Merlangus merlangus L.) der Nordsee. Kiel University, Germany. 70 p. Thesis.
000972  Jones, R. and J.R.G. Hislop,1975 Changes in the North Sea haddock and whiting. ICES Symposium on the Changes in the North Sea Fish stocks and their Causes (25). 32 p.
000973  Ellis, R.W. and R. Jones,1956 The whiting (Gadus merlangus L.) in the North Sea. Mar. Res. Scot. 2:25 p.
000974  Knudsen, H.,1964 Studies on whiting (Merlangius merlangus L.) in the North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat I-II. Medd. Danm. Disk Havunders 4(5):95-136.
000975  Desbrosses, P.,1948 Le merlan (Gadus merlangus L.) de la côte française de l'Atlantique. Rev. Trav. Off. Pêches Marit. 14:71-104.
000976  Messtorff, J.,1959 Untersuchungen über die Biologie des Wittlings Merlangius merlangus (L.) in der Nordsee. Ber. dt Wiss. Kommn Meeres. 15(4):277-334.
000977  Saemundsson, B.,1925 On the age and growth of the haddock (Gadus aeglefinus L.) and the whiting (Gadus merlangus L.) in Icelandic waters. Medd. Komm. Havundersog, Ser. Fisk. 8(1):1-26.
000978  Bowers, A.B.,1954 Breeding and growth of whiting (Gadus merlangus L.) in Isle of Man waters. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 33:97-122.
000979  Garrod, D.J. and R. Gambell,1965 The whiting of the Irish Sea and the Clyde. Fish. Invest. Ser. II 24(3):1-64.
000980  Hannerz, L.,1964 Regional and annual variations in the growth of whiting (Gadus merlangus Linné). Inst. Mar. Res. Lysekil Ser. Biol. 14:1-66.
001371  Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba,1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. 56;fig.103
001756  Nijssen, H. and S.J. de Groot,1974 Catalogue of fish species of the Netherlands. Beaufortia 21(285):173-207.
001836  Pauly, D.,1979 Gill size and temperature as governing factors in fish growth: a generalization of von Bertalanffy's growth formula. Berichte des Instituts für Meereskunde an der Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel, (63). 156 p.
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
003499  Bainbridge, R.,1958 The speed of swimming as related to size and to the frequency and amplitude of the tail beat. J. Exp. Biol. 35(1):109-133.
003511  Magnan, A.,1930 Les caractéristiques géométriques et physiques des poissons. Ann. Sci. Nat. 13:355.
003662  Svetovidov, A.N.,1979 Gadidae. p. 300-320. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 307
003663  Svetovidov, A.N.,1986 Gadidae. p. 680-710. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. 688-689
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004537  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. 80
004921  Ajayi, T.O.,1982 Food and feeding habits of Raja species (Batoidei) in Carmarthen Bay, Bristol Channel. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 62:215-223.
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
006014  Dorel, D.,1986 Poissons de l'Atlantique nord-est relations taille-poids. Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer. Nantes, France. 165 p.
006302  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlstrøm,1989 Havfisk og Fiskeri i Nordvesteuropa. GEC Gads Forlag, København, 244 p. (in Danish). 106-107
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009488  Bruce, J.R., J.S. Colman and N.S. Jones,1963 Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Memoir No. 36. Liverpool University Press, Liverpool. 256
009573  Hislop, J.R.G., A.P. Robb, M.A. Bell and D.W. Armstrong,1991 The diet and food consumption of whiting (Merlangius merlangus) in the North Sea. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 48:139-156.
009574  Lindsey, C.C.,1978 Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.
009604  Armstrong, M J.,1982 The predator-prey relationships of Irish Sea poor-cod (Trisopterus minutus L.), pouting (Trisopterus luscus L), and cod (Gadus morhua L.). J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 40(2):135-152.
009610  Minchin, D.,1987 Fishes of the Lough Hyne marine reserve. J. Fish Biol. 31(3):343-352.
009690  Albert, O.T.,1994 Ecology of haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.) in the Norwegian Deep. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 51:31-44.
009900  Flintegård, H.,1987 Fishes in the North Sea Museum's aquaria. North Sea Museum, North Sea Centre, DK-9850 Hirtshals. Hirtshals Bogtryk/Offset A/S.
009988  Frimodt, C.,1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. 210
010107  Anonymous,1993 Report of the Working Group on the Assessment of Northern Shelf Demersal stocks. ICES Doc. C.M. 1993/Assess:20.
010137  Anonymous,1993 Report of the Working Group on the Assessment of Southern Shelf Demersal Stocks. ICES Doc. C.M. 1993/Assess:3.
010192  Anonymous,1993 Working Group on the Assessment of Demersal Stocks in the North Sea and Skagerrak. ICES Doc. C.M. 1993/Assess:5.
010257  Anonymous,1991 Report of the Irish Sea and Bristol Channel Working Group. ICES Doc. C.M. 1991/Assess:1.
010258  Holden, M.J.,1981 Long term changes in landings of fish from the North Sea with particular reference to the periods 1930-38 and 1960-69. Symposium on the Changes in North Sea Fish Stocks and their Causes. No. 15.
010259  Anonymous,1991 Report of the Roundfish Working Group. ICES Doc. C.M. 1991/Assess:4.
011063  Myers, R.A., J. Bridson and N.J. Barrowman,1995 Summary of worldwide spawner and recruitment data. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2024. 274 p.
011170  Anonymous,1981 Report of the North Sea Roundfish Working Group. ICES Doc. C.M. 19/G: 8 p.
011197  Anonymous,1981 Report of the Irish Sea and Bristol Channel Working Group. ICES Doc. C.M. /G: 10 p.
011204  Anonymous,1992 Report of the Roundfish Working Group. ICES Doc. C.M. 1992/Assess:4.
012577  Gibson, R.N. and I.A. Ezzi,1987 Feeding relationships of a demersal fish assemblage on the west coast of Scotland. J. Fish Biol. 31(1):55-69. 55-69
012818  Anonymous,1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
012964  Yearsley, G.K., P.R. Last and G.B. Morris,1997 Codes for Australian Aquatic Biota (CAAB): an upgraded and expanded species coding system for Australian fisheries databases. CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Report 224. CSIRO, Australia. app.E
013105  Anonymous,1996 Report of the working group on the assessment of demersal stocks in the North Sea and Skagerrak. ICES Doc. C.M. 1996/Assess: 6.
013312  Du Buit, M.H.,1996 Diet of hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the Celtic Sea. Fish. Res. 28(4):381-394. 384
013509  Patterson, K.R.,1985 The trophic ecology of whiting (Merlangius merlangus) in the Irish Sea and its significance to the Manx herring stock. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 42(2):152-161. 152-161
013630  Purcell, J.E.,1985 Predation on fish eggs and larvae by pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores. Bull. Mar. Sci. 37(2):739-755. 745
014520  Pope, J.G.,1996 An evaluation of the stock structure of North Sea cod, haddock, and whiting since 1920, together with a consideration of the impacts of fisheries and predation effects on their biomass and recruitment. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53:1157-1169.
026283  Möller, H. and K. Anders,1989 Krankheiten und Parasiten der Meeresfische, 100 Dias. Verlag H. Möller, Kiel, Germany.
026335  Costa, F.,1991 Atlante dei pesci dei mari italiani. Gruppo Ugo Mursia Editore S.p.A. Milano, Italy. 438 p. 162
026806  Robb, A.P.,1981 Observations on the food and diel feeding behaviour of pelagic 0-group gadoids in the northern North Sea. J. Fish Biol. 18(2):183-194. 183-194
026809  Economou, A.N.,1991 Food and feeding ecology of five gadoid larvae in the northern North Sea. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 47:339-351. 341;tab.2
026839  Robb, A.P. and J.R.G. Hislop,1980 The food of five gadoid species during the pelagic 0-group phase in the northern North Sea. J. Fish Biol. 16(2):199-217. 199-217
026944  Bromley, P.J., T. Watson and J.R.G. Hislop,1997 Diel feeding patterns and the development of food webs. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 54:846-853. 846-853
027256  Jennings, S., J.D. Reynolds and S.C. Mills,1998 Life history correlates of responses to fisheries exploitation. Proc. R. Soc. London B 265:333-339.
027893  Fjøsne, K. and J. Gjøsæter,1996 Dietary composition and the potential of food competition between )-group cod (Gadus morhua L.) and some toher fish species in the littoral zone. ICES J. Mar. Sci.53:757-770. 760
028122  Guichet, R.,1995 The diet of European hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the northen part of the bay of Biscay. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 52:21-31. 24
028123  Nilssen, K.T., T. Haug, V. Potelov, V.A. Stasenkov and Y.K. Timshenko,1995 Food habits of harp seals (Phaco groenlandica) during lactation and moult in March-May in the southern Barents sea and White sea. ICES. J. Mar. Sci. 52 :33-41. 37
028829  Brown, E.G. and G.J. Pierce,1998 Monthly variation in the diet of harbour seals in inshore waters along the southeast Shetland (UK) coastline. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 167:275-289. 280
030187  Seyhan, K. and D.J. Grove,1998 Food consumption of whiting, Merlangius merlangus, in the Eastern Irish Sea. Fish. Res. 38(3):233-245. 233-245
030402  Kullander, S.O.,1999 Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History., 25 May 1999.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
032738  Hall, S.J., D. Raffaelli, D.J. Basford, M.R. Robertson and R. Fryer,1990 The feeding relationships of the larger fish species in a Scottish sea loch. J. Fish Biol. 37(5):775-791.
033337  Anonymous,2000 Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997. 7
035117  Alegre, M., J. Lleonart and J. Veny,1992 Espècies pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Departament de Cultura, Generalitat Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. 19
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 128
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
036177  Pedersen, J.,2000 Food consumption and daily feeding periodicity: comparison between pelagic and demersal whiting in the North Sea. J. Fish Biol. 57(2):402-416. 414
036252  Winkler, H.M., K. Skora, R. Repecka, M. Ploks, A. Neelov, L. Urho, A. Gushin and H. Jespersen,2000 Checklist and status of fish species in the Baltic Sea. ICES CM 2000/Mini:11, 15 p.
036372  Dolgov, A.V.,2000 New data on composition and distribution of the Barents Sea ichthyofauna. ICES CM2000/Mini:12, 12p. 9
037661  De Gee, A. and A.H. Kikkert,1993 Analysis of the grey gurnard (Eutrigla gurnardus) samples collected during the 1991 International Stomach Sampling Project. ICES C.M. 1993/G:14. 25 p. 25
037666  Daan, N., B. Johnson, J.R. Larsen and H. Sparholt,1993 Analysis of the ray (Raja spec.) samples collected during the 1991 International Stomach Sampling Project. ICES C.M. 1993/G:15. 17 p. 13-16
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 87
039963  Frisk, M.G., T.J. Miller and M.J. Fogarty,2001 Estimation and analysis of biological parameters in elasmobranch fishes: a comparative life history study. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58:969-981. 977
040290  McEvoy, L.A. and J. McEvoy,1992 Multiple spawning in several commercial fish species and its consequences for fisheries management, cultivation and experimentation. J. Fish Biol. 41(Suppl.B):125-136. 126
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041476  Deval, M.C.,2002 Common names of marine fishes of Turkey. Unpublished report. 24
041835  Hall, A.J., J. Watkins and P.S. Hammond,1998 Seasonal variation in the diet of harbour seals in the south-western North Sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 170:269-281. 271
041849  Holden, M.J. and R.N. Tucker,1974 The food of Raja clavata Linnaeus 1758, Raja montagui Fowler 1910, Raja naevus Müller and Henle 1841 and Raja brachyura Lafont 1873 in British waters. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 35(2):189-193. 190-191
042025  Tully, O. and P. Ó Céidigh,1989 The ichthyoneuston of Galway Bay (west of Ireland). II. Food of post-larval and juvenile neustonic and pseudoneustonic fish. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 51:301-310. 304
042199  Bergstad, O.A.,1991 Distribution and trophic ecology of some gadoid fish of the Norwegian deep. 2. Food-web linkages and comparisons of diets and distributions. Sarsia 75:315-325. 317-318
042340  Greenstreet, S.P.R.,1996 Estimation of the daily consumption of food by fish in the North Sea in each quarter of the year. Scottish Fish. Res. Rep. No. 55. tab.4
042562  Crozier, W.W.,1985 Observations on the food and feeding of the angler-fish, Lophius piscatorius L., in the northern Irish Sea. J. Fish Biol. 27(5):655-665. 659
042687  Alshuth, S. and E. Ebeling,1989 A survey of the diet and diseases of Gadus morhua L. around Helgoland in the German bight. ICES, C.M. 1989/G:49, Demersal Fish Committee, Ref. MEQC, 10 p. 7;tab.1
043202  Andriyashev, A.P. and N.V. Chernova,1995 Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123. 99
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043915  ICES,2002 Report of the working group on the assessment of southern shelf demersal stocks. ICES CM 2002/ ACFM:05. 107
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047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
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