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References using Arapaima gigas
Ref No. Description Page
000245  Nelson, J.S.,1984 Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p.
000557  Wheeler, A.,1977 Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p.
001739  Welcomme, R.L.,1988 International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p. 43
002060  Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl,1985 Aquarien atlas. Band 2. Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde GmbH, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 1151
002120  Thurston, R.V. and P.C. Gehrke,1993 Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes: description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the published literature. p. 95-108. In R.C. Russo & R.V. Thurston (eds.) Fish Physiology, Toxicology, and Water Quality Management. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Sacramento, California, USA, September 18-19, 1990. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-93/157.
002209  Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen,1972 Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Amer. Nat. 106(951):621-644.
002630  Stevenson, E.D. and G.F. Holeton,1978 The partitioning of oxygen uptake from air and from water by the large obligate air-breathing teleost pirarucu (Arapaima gigas). Can. J. Zool. 56:974-976.
003881  IUCN,1990 1990 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. 288 p.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004537  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. 25
004830  Berg, L.S.,1958 System der rezenten und fossilen Fischartigen und Fische. VEB Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin.
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006323  Crawford, R.,1993 World record game fishes 1993. The International Game Fish Association, Pompano Beach, Florida.
006329  Ortega, H. and R.P. Vari,1986 Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Peru. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (437):1-25.
006376  IUCN,1994 1994 IUCN red list of threatened animals. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K.
006398  Axelrod, H.R., W.E. Burgess, N. Pronek and J.G. Walls,1991 Dr. Axelrod's Atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Sixth edition. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
007052  Porto, J.I.R., E. Feldberg, C.M. Nakayama and J.N. Falcao,1992 A checklist of chromosome numbers and karyotypes of Amazonian freshwater fishes. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 25(4):287-299.
007141  Smith, A.J.,1987 An ethnobiological study of the usage of marine resources by two aboriginal communities on the East Coast of Cape York Peninsula, Australia. Ph.D. Thesis. 278 p.
007145  Pereira, R.,1982 Peixes de nossa terra. Livraria Nobel, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 129 p. 115
007306  FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service,1993 Aquaculture production (1985-1991). FAO Fish. Circ. 815, Rev. 5. 213 p. 27
007484  Hardy, J.D.,1993 NODC taxonomic code links biology and computerized data processing. Earth System Monitor 4(2):1-2.
008973  Vasil'ev, V.P.,1980 Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 6
009082  Barriga, R.,1991 Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88.
009089  Soares, M.G.M., R.G. Almeida and W.T. Tunk,1986 The trophic status of the fish fauna in Lago Camaleao, a macrophyte dominated floodplain lake in the middle Amazon. Amazoniana 9(4):511-526.
009134  Fowler, H.W.,1948 Os peixes de água doce do Brasil. Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado do Sao Paolo. 6:1-204.
009135  Sanchez, J.,1960 "El paiche". Aspectos de su historia natural, ecologia y approvechamiento. Caza y Pesca, Bol., Lima 10:17-63.
009136  Castañeda Equsquiza, H.,1977 Contenido estomacal de alevinos de "paiche" Arapaima gigas Cuvier en condiciones de cautiverio. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Programa Academico de Biologia Pesquera. Tesis para optar el grado de Bachiller en Ciencias Biologicas.
009235  Tello, S. and H. Sánchez,1995 To be filled. Unpublished.
010937  Anonymous,1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
010967  Tresierra, A.,1976 Algunos aspectos de la biologia y ecologia del 'Paiche' Arapaima gigas C. del Lago Sauce (Dpto. San Martin). Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Programa Academico de Ciencias Biologicas. Tesis Doctoral. 35 p.
010968  Guevarra Flores, H.,1980 Desarollo sexual del paiche (Arapaima gigas) en las zonas reservadas del estado (Rio Pacaya y Samiria) 1971-1975. Inf. Inst. del Mar del Peru, No. 67.
010969  Lüling, K.H.,1964 Zur biologie und Okologie von Arapaima gigas. Z. Morph. Okol. Tiere 54:436-530.
011054  Ruffino, M.L. and V.J. Isaac,1995 Life cycle and biological parameters of several Brazilian Amazon fish species. Naga ICLARM Q. 18(4):41-45. 42
012108  Garibaldi, L.,1996 List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p. 8
012157  ASAP, Aquarium Science Association of the Philippines,1996 Aquarium species in the Philippines. ASAP Aquarist Database Report. 9 p. Quezon City, Philippines. 1
012202  Ferreira, E.J.G., J. Zuanon and G.M. dos Santos,1996 A list of commercial fish species from Santarém, State of Pará, Brazil. Naga ICLARM Q. 19(3):41-44. 42
012228  FAO,1996 Aquaculture production statistics 1985-1994. FAO Fish. Circ. 815. 189 p.
012255  Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.),1996 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.
012371  Val, A.L. and V.M.F. de Almeida-Val,1995 Fishes of the Amazon and their environment: physiological and biochemical aspect. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Germany. 245 p. 39
013704  Bauchot, R., M. Diagne, C. Delfini and J.M. Ridet,1994 Encephalization and brain organization of the fishes of the family Osteoglossidae. Brain Res. 35(1):143-151. 145
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
027116  McAllister, D.E.,1990 A working list of fishes of the world. Copies available from D.E. McAllister, Canadian Museum of Nature, P.O. Box 3443, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6P4, Canada. 2661 p. plus 1270 p. Index. 182
027548  Ferreira, E.J.G., J.A.S. Zuanon and G.M. dos Santos,1998 Peixes comerciais do médio Amazonas. Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis. 211p. 28
027563  Sola, L., S. Cataudella and E. Capanna,1981 New developments in vertebrate cytotaxonomy III. Karyology of bony fishes: A review. Genetica 54:285-328. 291
027583  Greenwood, P.H. and M.V.H. Wilson,1998 Bonytongues and their allies. p. 80-84. In J.R. Paxton and W.N. Eschmeyer (eds.) Encyclopedia of fishes. Academic Press, San Diego. 240 p. 81
029275  Urushido, T., E.-I. Takahashi and Y. Taki,1975 Karyotypes of three species of fishes in the order Osteoglossiformes. CIS 18:20-22.
030184  Arkhipchuk, V.V.,1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
030503  Rass, T.S.,1983 Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p.
030550  Ferreira, A.B.H.,1986 Novo dicionario da lingua Portuguesa. Editora Nova Fronteira. Rio de Janeiro. 1838 p.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
034370  Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven,1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
036508  Hilton-Taylor, C.,2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
044036  Chen, S.,2002 Fauna Sinica, Osteichthyes. Myctophiformes, Cetomimiformes, Osteoglossiformes. 349p. Fauna Sinica series. Beijing: Science Press. 292-293
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 12
050838  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2004 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of January 2004. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in January 2004.
050891  Ferraris, C.J. Jr.,2003 Arapaimatidae (Bonytongues). p. 31. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. 31
051153  Moravec, F.,1998 Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the neotropical region. 464 p. Praha, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. 212
052035  Tang, B.Y.,2004 Fishes introduced to Singapore. Pers. com. Excel file attached to email dated 21/08/04.
055380  Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong and W. Mingxue,2003 Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290. 280
056631  Machacek, H. (ed.),2006 World Records Freshwater Fishing., 12 February 2006.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
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