Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
Snakefish
photo by Malaer, P.

Family:  Synodontidae (Lizardfishes), subfamily: Synodontinae
Max. size:  40 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 7 years
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range - 400 m,
Distribution:  Restricted to Atlantic: W Atlantic Ocean (from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Brazil, including Bermuda, Bahamas, Antilles and Gulf of Mexico; E Atlantic from Mauritania to Gabon, including Saint Helena and Ascension Islands.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-14; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 13-18. Snout very short; mouth very oblique; body with alternating narrow dark-edged pale blue and yellow stripes; oblique black spot at the upper end of the gill opening (Ref. 2334). Eye far forward (Ref. 26938).
Biology:  Found near shore above 40 m over sandy bottoms of deep outer reef slopes (Ref. 11230). Reported to be common in estuaries (Ref. 11228, 48635). Benthic at 3-388 m (Ref. 58302). Rest on or more often burrow into substrate, leaving eyes exposed (Ref. 4472, 48635). When disturbed, it may swim a short distance but quickly buries itself again (Ref. 48635). Feed on fishes (Ref. 5213) and small crustaceans (Ref. 36558).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 25 February 2014 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 20.11.18
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 16.10.18

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