Thryssa vitrirostris (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
Orangemouth anchovy
Thryssa vitrirostris
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Coiliinae
Max. size:  20 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m
Distribution:  Indian Ocean: Madagascar, coasts of Africa from Port Alfred northward to the Persian Gulf but not in the Red Sea, coasts of Pakistan and India, perhaps to Calcutta and off Myanmar, but no records.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 31-40. Belly with 16 to 19 + 8 t0 12 = 24 to 30 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching beyond base of first pectoral fin ray; minute, oval first supra-maxilla. Lower gill rakers with serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps in larger fishes. A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening; inside of gill cavity bright orange.
Biology:  Coastal pelagic (Ref. 68964). Presumably schooling, occurring inshore and entering estuaries and lagoons (perhaps as nursery areas), but moving further out in rainy seasons when coastal waters are freshened up by rivers. May be caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried (Ref. 5284).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 17 July 2017 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 09.11.15
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 13.07.94

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