Thalassophryne nattereri Steindachner, 1876
photo by Carvalho Filho, A.

Family:  Batrachoididae (Toadfishes), subfamily: Thalassophryninae
Max. size:  13.98 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; depth range - 60 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Tobago to São Paulo, Brazil (Ref. 57756).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 2-2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-29; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 19-19. All fin membranes brownish proximally, blackish from medial to distally, white extremely; body dark brown; diffuse black saddle-shaped blotches on body, 1 on orbital region and dorsal spine area, 3 on soft dorsal; no black spot except for base of dorsal and opercular spines (Ref. 13608).
Biology:  Numerous in the estuarine areas of the Brazilian coast; stays motionless in the sandy or muddy bottoms; the venom is injected in the flesh of the victim when pressure is applied on the gland (Ref. 55461).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 21 August 2012 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 21.01.98
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 18.07.13

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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