Stereolepis gigas Ayres, 1859
Giant seabass
Stereolepis gigas
photo by John Warren

Family:  Polyprionidae (Wreckfishes)
Max. size:  250 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 256 kg; max. reported age: 75 years
Environment:  demersal; depth range 5 - 46 m
Distribution:  Eastern Pacific: Humboldt Bay in California, USA to Mexico. Northwest Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559).
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Occur on rock bottoms; near shore, outside kelp beds and along drop-offs (Ref. 2850). Large specimens usually found deeper than 30 m, small ones over sand and in kelp beds mostly from 12-21 m (Ref. 2850). Aggregate for spawning in summer (Ref. 2850). Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049). Longevity of 90 to 100 years (Ref. 56049) stemmed from speculation on the age of a 557 lb fish caught in 1962, but the oldest age determined from otoliths of a 435 lb fish was 72 to75 years (Ref. 4563). Validated age so far is up to >50 years using bomb radiocarbon (A.H. Andrews, pers. comm.)
IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR); Date assessed: 30 April 2004 (A1bd) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 08.07.11
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 18.07.94

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