Stathmonotus hemphillii Bean, 1885
Blackbelly blenny
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Family:  Chaenopsidae (Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Max. size:  5 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated
Distribution:  Western Central Atlantic: southern Florida and the Bahamas to Honduras and the Lesser Antilles.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 2-2. Species distinguished by: preopercular cirrus absent; nuchal cirrus absent; dorsal-fin elements consisting only of spines. Common amongst Chaenopsids: small elongate fishes; largest species about 12 cm SL, most under 5 cm SL. Head usually with cirri or fleshy flaps on anterior nostrils, eyes, and sometimes laterally on nape; gill membranes continuous with each other across posteroventral surface of head. Each jaw with canine-like or incisor-like teeth anteriorly; teeth usually also present on vomer and often on palatines (roof of mouth). Dorsal-fin spines flexible, usually outnumbering the segmented soft rays, spinous and segmented-rayed portions forming a single, continuous fin; 2 flexible spines in anal fin; pelvic fins inserted anterior to position of pectoral fins, with 1 spine not visible externally and only 2 or 3 segmented (soft) rays; all fin rays, including caudal-fin rays, unbranched (simple). Lateral line absent. Scales absent (Ref.52855).
Biology:  Usually in shallow water associated with coral (Ref. 51183) but may also be found in shallow, clear water with limestone rubble (Ref. 7251).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 18 October 2007 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 23.01.14
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 26.08.94

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