Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854
Pacific barracuda
Sphyraena argentea
photo by FAO

Family:  Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Max. size:  145 cm FL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 12 kg; max. reported age: 12 years
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 18 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Eastern Pacific: Alaska to Magdalena Bay, Baja California. Not common north of Point Conception (Ref. 11484).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 6-6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 8-9. Color bluish or brownish dorsally, silvery ventrally (Ref. 6885).
Biology:  Usually near shore or near the surface (Ref. 2850). Often in small schools (Ref. 2850). Young enter bays (Ref. 2850). Feed mainly on other fishes (Ref. 2850). Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049). Migrate south from the California coast during autumn, but may remain in front of the Mexican coast throughout the year (Ref. 9345). Utilized fresh, dried or salted and frozen; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Considered as potentially dangerous due to its large, sharp teeth and aggressive disposition, though there are no reports of attacks (Ref. 9988).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 02 May 2008 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  traumatogenic
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen - 10.09.08
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 25.07.94

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