Scorpaena scrofa Linnaeus, 1758
Red scorpionfish
photo by Patzner, R.

Family:  Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes), subfamily: Scorpaeninae
Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,960.0 g
Environment:  demersal; depth range 20 - 500 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: British Isles (rare) to Senegal including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde. Also throughout the Mediterranean except Black Sea. South African species thought to be the same as population in the northeast Atlantic (Ref. 4313).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 5-5. Dark spot often on spinous dorsal (Ref. 4313).
Biology:  Solitary and sedentary over rocky, sandy or muddy bottoms. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and mollusks (Ref.4570).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 15 July 2014 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Papasissi, Christine - 24.10.90
Modified by: Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. - 06.04.10
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 01.09.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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