Scarus coelestinus Valenciennes, 1840
Midnight parrotfish
photo by Venier, J.

Family:  Scaridae (Parrotfishes), subfamily: Scarinae
Max. size:  77 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 7,000.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 5 - 75 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Ref. 13628).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 11-11. With blue-green teeth. Adults generally black or blue-black, with centers of scales and unscaled part of head bright blue, and blue band between eyes. Only large black or blue-black parrotfish in the Caribbean (Ref. 26938).
Biology:  Occurs from rocky coastal reefs to seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Often in schools, feeding with surgeonfishes by scraping off algae from rocks or dead coral (Ref. 9710). Marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 18 September 2009 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 18.07.13
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 25.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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