Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
Flapnose ray
Rhinoptera javanica
photo by FAO

Family:  Rhinopteridae (Cownose rays)
Max. size:  165 cm WD (male/unsexed); max.weight: 4,500.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Oman to the Philippines; north to Ryukyu Is.; south to eastern Indonesia.
Diagnosis:  Double-lobed snout and indented forehead; jaws usually with 7 rows of plate-like teeth; no caudal fin (Ref. 5578). Brown above, white below (Ref. 5578).
Biology:  Found in bays, estuaries, and near coral reefs (Ref. 12951), over sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 9710). Usually solitary or in small aggregations (Ref. 114953). However, large schools with up to 500 individuals have been reported (Ref. 12951). Feeds on clams, oysters and crustaceans (Ref. 12951). Lives to over 2 years in captivity (Ref. 12951). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Edible (Ref. 30573). Caught mainly by gill net fisheries (Ref. 114953), occasionally by bottom trawl, demersal inshore gillnet and tangle net fisheries. Utilized for its meat (Ref. 58048).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 31 January 2006 (A2d+3cd+4cd) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 26.04.93
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 09.09.19
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 19.10.95

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