Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier, 1828)
Cubera snapper
photo by Estrada Anaya, R.A.

Family:  Lutjanidae (Snappers), subfamily: Lutjaninae
Max. size:  160 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 57 kg
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 18 - 55 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia and Bermuda (Anderson, pers. comm.) to mouths of the Amazon, Brazil. Rare north of Florida and apparently rare in the Gulf of Mexico.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-14; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 7-8. Mouth with thick lips. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Back and sides pale to dark gray with a reddish tinge. The dorsal and caudal fins are grayish; the anal and pelvic fins reddish; the pectoral fins translucent or grayish.
Biology:  Adults are found mainly around ledges over rocky bottoms or around reefs. Young sometimes inhabit mangrove areas. Feed mainly on fishes, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 55). A wary fish, not easily approached underwater (Ref. 13442).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 10 October 2015 (A2bd) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 27.03.13
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 06.03.94

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