Lonchurus elegans (Boeseman, 1948)
Blackfin croaker
photo by JAMARC

Family:  Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Max. size:  32 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; depth range - 25 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Colombia (Ref. 5217) to Brazil.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 32-34; Anal spines: 2-2; Anal soft rays: 7-7. Colour dark greyish above, yellowish to pale below. Pectoral fins long and jet black. Tips of pelvic and anal fins dark. Inside of gill cover black. Eye small, about 8 to 9 times in head length. Mouth small, inferior, enclosed under snout. Chin with 5 pores and many barbels, 3 to 4 pairs in a tuft around median mental pore, 15 or 16 pairs along median edges of lower jaws and subopercles. Pectoral fins greatly enlarged, extending beyond anal-fin base. Gas bladder narrow, about equal to head length, bearing anteriorly 2 pairs of appendages, anterior pair short and horn-like, lateral pair long, tube-like, extends to posterior end of gas bladder (Ref 51721).
Biology:  Found over mud or mud-sand bottoms of estuaries and adjacent areas (Ref. 5217). Feeds on bottom-dwelling organisms, mainly worms. Marketed fresh and salted.
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 01 December 2009 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 15.07.13
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 06.08.94

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