Etmopterus gracilispinis Krefft, 1968
Broadbanded lanternshark
Etmopterus gracilispinis
photo by Flescher, D.

Family:  Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Max. size:  35 cm TL (male/unsexed); 33 cm TL (female)
Environment:  pelagic-oceanic; depth range 70 - 1000 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Virginia and Florida (USA), Uruguay and Argentina; reported off Suriname (Ref. 13608) and Brazil (Ref. 57911). Southeast Atlantic: off the eastern Cape and northern Natal in South Africa (Ref. 11228). Some reports of this species from the southeast Atlantic may be misidentifications of the recently described Etmopterus compagnoi (Ref. 36731).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 2-2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0. A stout lanternshark with a short tail and small conical denticles, not forming conspicuous lines along the body (Ref. 5578). Brown above, becoming black ventrally with inconspicuous, elongated, broad black marks along the caudal fin and at its base (Ref. 5578).
Biology:  Found on outer continental shelves and upper slopes on or near the bottom at depths of 100 to 1,000 m; also pelagic at depths of 70 to 480 m over water 2,240 m deep off Argentina (Ref. 247). Feeds on bony fish, octopus, squid and deep-water shrimp (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 March 2007 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Carpenter, Kent E. - 15.06.92
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 26.11.18
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 13.11.97

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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