Coilia macrognathos Bleeker, 1852
Longjaw grenadier anchovy
photo by FAO

Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Coiliinae
Max. size:  26 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic
Distribution:  Western Central Pacific: Sarawak, Malaysia and western coast of Kalimantan, Indonesia. Also known from two specimens from Phuket, Thailand.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 14 to 16 + 31 to 39 = 47 to 54 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching to beyond pectoral fin base. Pectoral fin with 6 filaments; the unbranched fin rays longer than those of pelvic fin.
Biology:  Presumably estuarine, like other Coilia species, but more data needed. Found in estuaries and tidal reaches of river (Ref. 12693). Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish sauce or fish balls (Ref. 9822).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 09 February 2018 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 15.07.13
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 13.07.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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