Coelorinchus kaiyomaru Arai & Iwamoto, 1979
Campbell whiptail
photo by CSIRO

Family:  Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails), subfamily: Macrourinae
Max. size:  43 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  bathydemersal; depth range 625 - 1150 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Southern circumglobal: New Zealand, Tasmania, and the Falkland Islands. Also known from the southeast Atlantic off Gough and Discovery tablemounts.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 2-2; Anal spines: 0-0. This species is distinguished by the following characters: snout long. Slender, and sharply pointed, its length 43-48% HL, 0.5-0.7 into orbit diameter; normally no scales on ventral aspects of head except along anterolateral margin of snout; naked areas dorsally behind anterolateral margins of snout confined to narrow strips; anterolateral edges of snout not supported by bone (median and lateral processes of nasal bone not united); ventral light organ very small, short, situated just before anus; scales large, fairly deciduous, spinules short, imbricate, aligned in 8 to 10, slightly divergent rows; overall color is gray-brown, with a bluish band around trunk; the underside of the head dusky to densely punctuated; the orbit rim black; the fins blackish to dusky (Ref. 1371, 36027).
Biology:  Feeds on deep-sea decapod crustaceans, gastropods, and polychaetes (Ref. 1371). Probably taken occasionally in by-catch of commercially important fishes (Ref. 1371).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 15.10.93
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 29.04.09

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