Candidia barbata (Regan, 1908)
photo by Liao, T.-Y.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: ex-danioninae
Max. size:  14.88 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 10 m
Distribution:  Asia: endemic to Taiwan.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal soft rays: 12-13. Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Candidia by the following unique combination of characters: dorsal fin with iii,7 rays; anal fin with iii,9-10 rays; pectoral fin with I, 13-15 rays ; scales on lateral line 51-60; scales above lateral line11-13; scales below lateral line 4-6; predorsal scales 22-26; gill rakers 2-3 + 6-7 (total 9-10); pharyngeal teeth usually 1,4,5 -4,4,1; shallow ventral keel on the posterior half of region between pelvic fin and anus; cheek with a series of 4-6 nuptial tubercles and lower jaw in adult males with 3-5 nuptial tubercles; eye large, check depth about 1.5-2.0 times of eye diameter in adult male; body with a broad, longitudinal bluish-black stripe from upper opercle to caudal fin base, which is irregular and interrupted on anterior half region and forming a large round black mark on caudal fin base; dorsal half of lateral usually uniform dark grayish with very narrow grayish region above bluish-black stripe; ventral half with some blackish brown small spots; and eye with semicircular red-black region on the dorsal one-third to half of eye iris (Ref. 79878). Caudal peduncle slender and belly rounded; barbels 1 pair, minute and located in corner of mouth; lateral line curves downward near belly and upward to middle after reaching caudal peduncle (Ref. 45563).
Biology:  Lives in upper reaches of rivers and likes to stay in clear waters with lower temperature (Ref. 45563).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Wang, Shen-Shih - 03.04.96
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 06.01.10

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