Allenbatrachus grunniens (Linnaeus, 1758)
Grunting toadfish
Allenbatrachus grunniens
photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

Family:  Batrachoididae (Toadfishes), subfamily: Halophryninae
Max. size:  30 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; pH range: 7.80000019073486 - 8.5, amphidromous
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific. Recorded from the Persian Gulf (Ref. 80050). Known from the Mekong delta (Ref. 12693).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 3-3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-22; Anal soft rays: 16-17; Vertebrae: 26-27. Description: Characterized by an elongate laterally compressed body; greyish, brown or blackish color; fins and body with mottled pale or dark irregular blotches; depth of body 4.4-6.6 in SL; eyes not raised above head profile; snout length is greater than eye diameter; three spines on operculum; two spines on suboperculum; gill opening extending from upper three-fourths to four-fifths of base of pectoral fin; pointed and conical teeth on jaws, vomer and palatines; anterior orbital tentacle unbranched with pointed tip (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Occurs in bottom areas mainly in the coastal waters. Euryhaline (Ref. 12041). Found in the sea and estuarine areas (Ref. 4833). Occurs in estuaries over muddy bottoms (Ref. 12693).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (119314)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 12.09.92
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 29.04.09

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