Acestrocephalus acutus Menezes, 2006
photo by Menezes, N.A.

Family:  Characidae (Characins), subfamily: Characinae
Max. size:  10.35 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic
Distribution:  South America: Rio Tocantins and rio Tapaj√≥s drainages in Brazil.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-11; Anal soft rays: 33-39; Vertebrae: 37-39. Among the species of Acestrocephalus with dark humeral blotch absent, this species can be separated from Acestrocephalus sardina and Acestrocephalus nigrifasciatus by possessing a smaller eye (28.0- 31.7 vs. 32.6-36.5 in Acestrocephalus nigrifasciatus and 31.3-37.4 in Acestrocephalus sardina); and an oblong dark blotch at caudal base instead of the triangular dark blotch present on the caudal base of those two species. Distinguished from Acestrocephalus pallidus by having an oblong dark blotch at caudal base (vs. absence of dark blotch); and differs further from Acestrocephalus pallidus by the shape of the muscular hiatus of the pseudotympanum and the muscular arrangement around it. Can be diagnosed from Acestrocephalus anomalus by having more teeth in the posterior row on dentary (28-36 vs. 23-28) and fewer teeth in the external tooth row on premaxilla (6-8 vs. 8-11) (Ref. 75890). Description: Dorsal fin ii,9; Anal fin iv,29-35; Pectoral fin i+11-14; Pelvic fin i+7 (Ref. 75890).
Biology: 
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 13.06.08
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 15.07.13

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