Ecology of Cephalopholis panamensis
 
Main Ref. Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Cephalopholis panamensis may be found.
Remarks Found in coral reefs; also along rocky shores (Ref. 5222). A shy and secretive species (Ref. 5222).

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.16.07
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