Ecology of Pareques viola
 
Main Ref. Chao, L.N., 1995
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pareques viola may be found.
Remarks Adults are secretive nocturnal fish that hide under ledges by day and come out only at night to feed on the epifauna of the substrate. The adults sometimes form large inactive aggregations in caves, but little or no feeding occurs. Schools of juveniles appear only in the summer (Ref. 9118). Carnivore (Ref. 57615).

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.50 0.37 Tentative trophic level derived from 1 + troph of a single food item
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 07.15.05
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.16.07
Comments & Corrections
 
Sign our Guest Book 
Back to Search
cfm script by eagbayani,  ,  php script by rolavides, 2/5/2008 ,  last modified by mbactong, 10/24/19