Ecology of Conger cinereus
 
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 1985
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Conger cinereus may be found.
Remarks Solitary species common on reef flats and seagrass beds of shallow lagoons but ranges to depths of 80 m on outer reef slopes (Ref. 1602). Also found in estuaries (Ref. 5213). Feeds on fish and crustaceans at night, assuming a pattern of broad dark grey bars (Ref. 3921, 11441). This species exhibits a more dynamic and complex predator-prey relationship with sea kraits, its predator. Many conger or moray eels captured by sea kraits are likely to retaliate and bite their predator (considering krait versus prey body size), increasing the risk of injury on the sea krait's end as prey size increases, thus imposing difficulty on actual feeding by sea kraits (Ref. 118210).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic; Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref. Mundy, B.C., 2005
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs: reef flats;
Special habitats Ref. Shao, K.-T., C.-P. Lin, L.-T. Ho and P.-L. Lin, 1990

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Honebrink, R., 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Randall, J.E., 1985
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.34 0.48 4.23 0.70 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Harmelin-Vivien, M.L., 1979
From individual food items 4.34 0.77 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Torres, Armi G. on 12.02.92
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 06.21.18
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