Ecology of Premnas biaculeatus
 
Main Ref. Allen, G.R., 1991
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Premnas biaculeatus may be found.
Remarks Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Commensal with sea anemones, usually Radianthus gelam. Also reported to be associated with the anemone Entacmaea quadricolor, found mainly in protected coastal waters and lagoons. Feeds primarily on zooplankton and benthic algae.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Allen, G.R., 1975
Feeding habit variable
Feeding habit ref Allen, G.R., 1975
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 2.75 0.31 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.20.00
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