Ecology of Heniochus monoceros
 
Main Ref. Steene, R.C., 1978
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Heniochus monoceros may be found.
Remarks Occur in lagoon and seaward reefs with rich coral growth. Juveniles solitary; adults are often paired and ocassionally found hovering side by side under tabular corals (Ref. 1602). Feed on bottom living animals, e.g. invertebrates associated with algal zones.

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin, 2004
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Anderson, C. and A. Hafiz, 1987
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Anderson, C. and A. Hafiz, 1987
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.50 0.37 Tentative trophic level derived from 1 + troph of a single food item
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.13.00
Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen on 12.09.08
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.27.00
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