Ecology of Zoarces viviparus
 
Main Ref. Muyunda, M.M., 1992
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Zoarces viviparus may be found.
Remarks

Substrate

Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Muyunda, M.M., 1992
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Muyunda, M.M., 1992
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.47 0.49 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Kuosmanen-Postila, Sari on 01.21.94
Modified by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 11.28.96
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