Ecology of Merluccius bilinearis
 
Main Ref. Pauly, D., 1989
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Merluccius bilinearis may be found.
Remarks Benthic. It is reyed upon by fishes, including cod, pollock, swordfish and spiny dogfish. Parasites of the species include Anthocotyle merlucii (monogenean), Clestobothrium crassiceps (cestode), Anisakis simplex and Thynnascaris adunca (nematodes), Caligus curtus, C. elongatus, Chondracanthus merlucci and Sphyrion lumpi (copepods) (Ref. 5951). See also Ref. 8999.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Pauly, D., 1989
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.49 0.37 4.20 0.69 Troph of adults from 4 studies.
Ref. Hesler, T.E., F.P. Almeida and D.E. Waldron, 1995
From individual food items 4.23 0.71 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 08.22.92
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 07.23.07
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