Ecology of Anarhichas lupus
Main Ref. Barsukov, V.V., 1986
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Anarhichas lupus may be found.
Remarks Inhabit rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud, from 1-500 m (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 58426), hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms. Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). It is preyed upon by cod. Parasites of the species include 1 protozoan, 11 trematodes, 1 myxosporidian, 1 cestode, 3 nematodes, 1 hirudinean, 1 crustacean and 1 copepod (Ref. 5951).


Substrate Soft Bottom Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Ref. Frimodt, C., 1995
Associations solitary; schooling;
Associated with
Association remarks Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). Usually solitary except during the mating season, when bonded pairs occur. However, some apparent "colonial settlements" have been reported, the occurrence of which may be related to shelter availability. Reports of apparent seasonal spawning migrations may result from inshore-offshore seasonal migrations related to foraging and tooth replacement episodes. Larvae likely remain near the bottom and do not disperse widely from the hatching locality (Ref. 86779).


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Barsukov, V.V., 1986
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Barsukov, V.V., 1986
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.55 3.21 0.38 Troph of adults from 1 study.
Ref. Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein, 2000
From individual food items 3.73 0.53 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 03.07.91
Modified by Hilomen, Teresa on 02.05.14
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