Ecology of Carangoides gymnostethus
 
Main Ref. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Carangoides gymnostethus may be found.
Remarks Inhabit deep offshore reefs. Found near corals and rocks. Juveniles form small schools. Large individuals solitary. Feed on shrimp and small fish.

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin, 2004

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga, 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga, 1990
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 4.12 0.72 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 10.26.00
Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen on 11.26.08
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.24.00
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