Ecology of Engraulis japonicus
 
Main Ref. Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Engraulis japonicus may be found.
Remarks Occurs near the surface, mainly coastal, but to over 1000 km from the shore, forming large schools, tending to move northward and inshore (into bays and inlets) in spring and summer, but without well-defined migrations. Feeds on plants and zooplankton (Ref. 5398). Also in Ref. 9137. Young fish feed on zooplankton such as copepod and adults on phytoplankton (Ref. 39882). Employs both filter- and particular-feeding modes on zooplankton (Ref. 42392).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988
Feeding habit filtering plankton
Feeding habit ref Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.14 0.15 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref.
From individual food items 2.64 0.28 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 10.19.90
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.28.04
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 05.25.01
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